Different kinds of Splints

What is the definition of “Splint” in Dental terminology?
 

                                                                                                                                                 Splint are a rigid or flexible device that maintains in position a displaced or movable part. It is also used to keep in place and protect an injured part. Splints are material used to protect, immobilize, or restrict motion in a part

Source: http://www.academyofprosthodontics.org/_Library/ap_articles_download/GPT9.pdf

 

Different Kinds of Splints

Sved Appliance – A Sved Appliance is a type of appliance used specifically on the anterior. This appliance has no posterior occlusal contact; all occlusion is on the anterior teeth by clenching, and/or excursive movements. The differences with these appliances are the number of anterior teeth in occlusion and whether or not the appliance covers the incisal edges of the anterior teeth.  These appliances can be constructed on the maxillary of mandibular teeth.

Snore Guards – Snore Guards are part of mandibular anterior repositioning appliances.  Snore Guards direct the mandible to a specific anterior position to a fully seated joint position.  Snore Guards allow some movement in a protrusive or lateral direction from the directed position.  In addition, Snore Guards commonly cover both the maxillary and mandibular arches, but not all the time. For more information please click here.

Mouthguard – A Mouth guard is a soft appliance.  Mouth guards typically offer full coverage and are created on either maxillary or mandibular arch. Their occlusion varies as they are compressible and therefore the occlusal contacts change with bite force. For more information please click here.

Gelb – is a posterior only appliance. It is the opposite of a Sved appliance which is strictly an anterior appliance. Gelb has only posterior occlusal contacts and no anterior contacts.

Pankey – A Pankey Splint is a flat plane splint made from a tooth-coloured acrylic resin material.  It is used for patients with acute pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), chronic issues with the TMJ or when a dentist is trying to determine where the joint and teeth need to have the joint in Centric Relation to allow a starting point for restoration of the mouth.

Deprogrammers – usually do not have a locked position for the posterior cusps so the joint will settle into a comfortable position without moving into habitual position.

Tanners – A Tanner is similar to a Pankey splint except that the surface of the opposing teeth will be in contact and it has indentions for the cusps of the teeth.  It is also made from a tooth-coloured acrylic resin material. Tanner is usually used for patients who have chronic pain in TMJ and patients who grind their teeth during sleep.

EMA – the EMA® appliance has been specifically designed to provide a customized, effective solution for every patient situation!

Essix – Essix retainers gently guide your teeth into a position where the upper and lower sets are even, straight and align with each other.  Though your teeth may feel firmly set in your mouth, they move under constant pressure and can assume new positions in the mouth all on their own.  Essix retainers maintain the intended position following orthodontic treatment while providing minor corrections to slightly misaligned teeth, if needed.

 

 

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